Kevin Tan’s Biomedical and Clinical Engineering Primer

Thinking about doing something creative, yet related to medicine? Feel a need to build better systems and reduce inefficiencies? Do you get a kick out of solving problems? Are you uncertain you’re meant for front line medicine? This website is for you! I have to start off by saying that I am not a biomedical engineer or biomedical physicist or an engineer. Other than the required courses I took at school, I really have no knowledge of engineering. What I do know about are the things I see in my work which need improving, and those things require biomedical engineering (BME). 

Biomedical engineering goes under different names; clinical engineering, biophysical engineering and applied mechanical engineering are just a few names. For those of you wondering just what the heck BME is, in industrialized countries BME is most visible in tertiary care:

Medical diagnosis (e.g., computer-aided echocardiographic texture analysis to detect myocardial infarcts) 
Medical monitoring (e.g., PET visualization of brain receptors to identify neuronal dysfunction) 
Radiation therapy (for cancer treatment) 
Organ-support (e.g., peritoneal dialysis) 
Therapeutic function (e.g., encapsulation of insulin-producing pancreatic islet cells for diabetes treatment) 

However, biomedical engineering is not a relatively new field. BME people have opened up new vistas of it, but in the past, science was not so compartmentalized as it is in recent years in China, into material science, engineering science, and life science. But fortunately, the return of holistic BME approach for health and disease was signalled by the formation of the CERNET (Chinese Education and Research Network). What the prominent people in Chinese education’s BME started can thus be continued with greater success with the CERNET. The CERNET was started by the Chinese government in 1993 and is directly managed by the Chinese Ministry of Education. The object of BME everywhere, however, not just China, is to transform the traditional industry of medical devices to promote the progress of medical science by combining life science and engineering technology. In 1997, the total output value of the BME industry in China alone increased 27.5% compared to 1996. And we have to keep in mind that this was less than 1% of the total output value of the world. BME is important in improving healthcare and quality of life for the people of the world, and to rise to the challenge of the global problem of rising medical expenses. The increasing rate of porno gratis medical expenses has been as high as 30% in some areas of the United States, which is much higher than the rate of GNP increase. BME is a means to decrease these escalating costs of medical treatment. 

Some of China’s Top BME names

H.K. Chang, pioneered a great many BME programs around the world and pulls lots of strings in the BME communities.
Jack C.Y. Cheng, major improvements in integrity and efficiency of medical informatics in hospital settings with his work. Not only better management of patient files, but better diagnostic tools too. 
Shu Chien, very unique career path ie. started as a physician, did his Ph.D. in physiology, then went into blood rheology. 
Yuan Cheng Fung, often called the “father of biomechanics”, did seminal work in microcirculation among other things. His work is cited in 12 subfields in BME. 

Wei Shu Hu, involved in so many BME fields at the Nobel-prize-quality level, this short name is mind-boggling. 
Guang Zhong Yang, big name in medical imaging, diagnostic imaging tools. Almost single-handedly invented the field of blood dynamics imaging. Also works on thermal imaging and has improved a variety of soft tissue imaging. 

Yuan Ting Zhang, often simply called “YT”, inspired to become a physician when his father became severely ill and died after a 1 and 1/2 year struggle. But he went into BME instead because of his creativity and interest in research. 

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