Hackers and the Cloud

There are a variety of reasons someone might be hacking your information, with any Cloud service there is going to be a wealth of data. Remember, whatever your reason for choosing one Cloud provider over another, other people are likely making similar choices for similar reasons. In addition, with more and more people moving their data to the Cloud, the increase in payoff for the hacker attracts more sophisticated hackers. Hackers will use a number of entry points to get into the Cloud provider. A lot of the vulnerabilities are in the interface between you and the Cloud provider. A Cloud service should be using the most sophisticated techniques to secure your data on their end. But remember that an API gives access to the server, in limited formats, to any one using the UI or API.

An API, or Application Programming Interface, is is similar to a UI, or User Interface. Though often used similarly, the two can offer varying services depending on who is using the term. An interface is the way a user interacts with some program or programs; an API provides access to the service. It is a program that you can operate from a remote location. This interface provides a key security loophole that can be exploited because the Cloud provider is giving access to the user. It can seem an obvious problem, and in some respects it is, in addition some API’s give access to the Cloud customer’s customer. Some companies or individuals are using Cloud services to offer back up and security to their prospective clients.

There is no one-step way to prevent hackers, a lot depends on the systems you are using. For every system there are going to periodic vulnerabilities, but staying up to date with the latest patches for your software is important. Researching known vulnerabilities is also important. There are various companies which you can hire to keep you abreast of vulnerabilities and problems that occur.

A lot of Hackers are increasing their efforts towards spear phishing, spear phishing is a way to find out passwords or answers to security question through indirect means. After discovering who has access, a hacker will look through public information about that customer, and even a username that might be given away by the employee. The most basic thing you can do to thwart hackers is to educate your employees on the various threats to security. What could seem like an innocuous question, or email attachment, can very well be the opening to an attack. The basics are simple, verify everything. If you aren’t sure of the website, or an email attachment, then do a little research into it. Perhaps you are getting a call from someone saying they are a provider; find out for sure by calling them back.

Hackers have a variety of reasons to get your information, sometimes to sell it to other hackers who can use your usernames and passwords to log into other sites. Suffice to say, this information is becoming more and more of a commodity it our markets. And as long as there are people who want that information, a burgeoning blackmarket for information will develop.

The difficulty is that this is all going on behind the scenes. You may have been hacked and not even know it, yet identifying what information was compromised, and the weak point in your system that allowed for the breach, is a crucial part of keeping a competitive edge in the world today. A lot of the prevention can seem vague or unnecessary to keep your data safe, but it is vital to understand security and your Cloud provider.

Popular cloud computing services: SaaS (Software as a Service)

One of the reasons the ‘Cloud’ has become such a ubiquitous term is the Saas model. Some people are beginning to think Saas should not be thought of as a part of the Cloud packages at all, because it provides in some respects a different type of service than Paas or Iaas.

Saas or Software as a service is the most basic service, essentially it is a cloud offering that individuals or companies can use to standardize routine tasks or services.  An email client might use this type of cloud packaging because the basics of videos pornos client needs to work across platforms.  Essentially Saas is a data storage, offering specific software that uploads and downloads from the general server.  The whole process is streamlined by the Cloud provider.  The Cloud provider is doing all the developing for the software; while in Paas the platform can do some of the work– Saas takes this beyond the scope of what Paas provides.  Saas is really just the data storage aspect of the Cloud offering where the data is limited in scope to the type of software the Saas is providing.

The Saas model, in fact most Cloud based services, rely upon the use of some software interface for the client that uploads and downloads from the Cloud.  The Cloud operator utilizes intelligent software to handle data from the clients.  Examples include GoogleDrive, iCloud, or an application store; all these services remotely hold data and software in the cloud that the client is able to upload and download from.  It takes little know-how to operate many of Saas Cloud operations the Cloud is able to manage and essentially streamlines aspects of business operations.

Interoperability and security are still issues with the Saas model.  A problem with Saas is the use of software precludes or interferes with control over your data.  The software operator remains in control of formatting the software.  The data a customer puts onto the Cloud is read by their own network through a pre-designed software client, so porting or moving customers’ data is a cumbersome process.  As portability is a problem for all Cloud services the service of your particular Cloud host is an extremely important decision.

What a Saas customer must keep in mind is that they are limited by the software they are using.  If, for-instance, one wanted to port data or use their information in any particular way, they would need to design their own system for accessing the information for personal use.  Porting data from an Saas Cloud provider is a significant concern for the customer.  On the other hand, the software service is already pre-packaged into the product so the customer does not have to worry about setting up a system.  And usually a customer using Saas will be looking to outsource significant amounts of IT needs to the Cloud provider.
As Cloud customers come from all walks of life, the client base for a provider is not limited to a company.

But many individuals use a Saas in their day to day operations. Saas is such a ubiquitous model that many people are using it without knowing it has a particular designation.  Whether  Saas should be considered in step with the other services is up in the air, but the basics of a Cloud service are there.  The Cloud host usually maintains a large server or servers to hold the porno italiano that is being sent through its operation, and the client accesses that data as way of interfacing with data, often in the form of communications.  The Cloud is a nascent industry with new issues cropping up routinely.

 

 

Popular cloud computing services: the IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service)

A popular type of Cloud service these days is Iaas. It is a means of keeping costs down in the flexible area of hardware needs.  Iaas or Infrastructure as a Service is designed around providing a user with the available hardware to host whatever project needs hosting.

The best way to think about this is you are paying for the use of a network like you would a tax on infrastructure.  One day you may have to use the subway, another day the roads, and then some days you have five trucks and a subway car on the infrastructure.  Infrastructure as a service gives you real or virtual hardware that you can upload your information to.  Your programs or the users of your webpage go through the infrastructure of the Cloud host.  The host gives you the availability of storage and memory that scales according to your needs, but you have to build the project from the ground up to make use of the available infrastructure.

Getting down to basics allows the customer or the company renting out the Cloud service to scale their operations according to their needs.  For some the question may be why go through the extra effort to provide your own platform.  The scale of your operation when you rent out virtual room in the Iaas system is more flexible this way.  While Paas offers more software services to the customer, the open nature of Iaas gives a more established flexibility to create their own services with the hardware rented out.  The provider has the hardware, whatever particular hardware services they are offering, and the customer rents it out to keep costs down.  Any large database needs to be kept in a cool dry environment, and this amongst other things drives costs up especially for a project with variable memory needs.

Many services are virtual server space, network connections, bandwidth, IP addresses and load balancers.  Like Saas and Paas, Iaas is accessed by a client through the internet.  The Cloud in general is essentially an Application or a Web page that accesses the server through the internet and creates available storage for the user. The provider is able to keep their own costs down by letting the customer base make decisions on what type of platform or software to install on their hardware.  In turn, everything works seamlessly together. The hardware of an Iaas provider is often stored in many different facilities, allowing them to provide a product of scale.  Basically they can rent out their hardware to other users and by having a large facility or facilities they are able to keep costs down that are passed on to the customer.

The customer does not have to rent out their own facility this way.  By not having to maintain their own facility they are able to scale their operation according to peak and low traffic times.  For instance a weight loss website might want to rent out from an Iaas or Paas provider to keep costs down during  lulls in business.  But after New Years they might acquire a lot of customers that providing for would be a huge expense the rest of year.

Between Iaas and Paas providers the user has to decide what type of operation needs they have.  For a developer Paas might be the way to go, but for a more established company, or a company that has a product in line for their users a Iaas provider will be able to give them the hardware they might need at a scalable rate meeting their needs as it is needed.  Time, money, efficiency and ease of use are important factors in any business and tuning into the correct providers is the way to go.

VM snapshots for efficient Forensic Investigation

Cloud computing is a technology which allows users to access storage, software, and infrastructure and deployment environment based on a model named “pay-for-what-they-use”. The nature of the cloud environment is that it is multi-tenant and dynamic as there is a need for addressing the various legal, technical and organizational challenges regarding the cloud storage.

With the dynamic nature of the cloud environment, it is possible for digital investigations to be carried out in the cloud environment. Digital forensics has to adhere to a number of steps as it was the case with traditional computer forensics. These steps include Identification, Collection, Examination and Reporting/ Presentation. The first step involves identifying the source of evidence, while the collection phase involves identifying the actual evidence and collecting the necessary data. The examination stage involves analyzing the forensic data, while in the reporting phase, the found evidence is presented in a court of law.

The digital investigators experience challenges as a result of the legal, technical and organizational requirements. If some compromise is made on the part of the CSP, then the evidence which is provided will not be genuine. It might have happened the data you are relying on as evidence was injected by a malicious individual.

A number of digital devices are currently using the cloud, but the investigators are given little chance to obtain the evidence. The available Agreement may not be stating the role of the CSP in carrying out the investigation and its responsibility during the time of happening of the crime. The CSP might have failed to keep logs which are an important part in getting evidence regarding the occurrence of a crime. The investigator also has to rely on the CSP for collection of the necessary log files, and this is not easy. Many researchers have clearly stated that many investigators experience difficulties in trying to collect the log files.

The cloud service provider will provide their clients with a number of different services, and it has been found that only a few customers from the same organization will be accessing the same services. Malicious users are capable of stealing sensitive data from the other users and this can negatively affect the trust of the CSP. There is a need for the cloud to protect against these malicious activities by use of Intrusion Detection Mechanisms for monitoring the customer VMs and in detecting malicious activity.

A user can create his or her physical machine to create a VM. Other than for the user having to request, some cloud software such as the OpenStack and eucalyptus will create snapshots from a VM which is running and then store the snapshots till when the VM has terminated. If you reach the maximum VMs, then the older VMs will be deleted from the system. The snapshots from a cloud environment are a great source of digital evidence and they can be used for the purpose of regenerating events. It is hard for us to store numerous snapshots. The snapshots have also been found to slow the virtual machine, and this is determined by the rate at which it has changed since when it was taken and the period of time for which it is stored.

Malicious activities will always be identified in case the users of the VM carry out actions such as uploading a malware to the systems in our cloud infrastructure, excessive access from a location, or by performing numerous downloads or uploads within a short period of time. Other activities which can be suspicious include cracking of passwords, launching of dynamic attack points and deleting or corrupting some sensitive organization data.

The Way Forward in Heterogeneous DataCenter Architectures

The use of heterogeneous datacenter architecture has been on the rise. Developers experience numerous challenges when trying to adapt applications and systems in such areas. The good thing with cloud computing is that it will abstract the hardware from the programmers and end users. This is a good idea for allowing the underlying architecture to be improved, such installation of new hardware, and no changes will be made to the applications.

The use of heterogeneity in processor architectures will help solve a number of problems. The elements for heterogeneous processing can improve the efficiency of our systems through features such as specialization, which are computations matching the elements which have been specialized for processing. The Graphical processing units (GPUs) are examples of systems which have developed in the computing industry. Others include media-functional units such as SSE4 instructional set, parallel coprocesors like Intel’s Xeon Phi and encryption units. The future architectures are expected to feature multiple processors, each with heterogeneous internal components, interconnects, accelerators, and storage units with good efficiencies. Companies which rely on large-scale datacenters like PayPal and Microsoft are investigating on how to implement heterogeneous processing elements so as to improve on the performance of their products.

Technology for developing cloud computing which can be integrated with the heterogeneity of the data center will make us look for ways for exploiting the varied processing elements for special purpose and we don’t need to lose the advantages associated with abstraction.

With infrastructure as a service, the physical and virtual resources will be exposed to the end user. Virtual machines will offer an instant control to the operating system (OS). In the traditional architectures, virtualization introduced a great overhead for workloads are highly sensitive to the performance of the system. However, modern technologies such as peripheral component interconnect (PCI) and single-root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV) have reduced this overhead since they perform a direct access to the accelerators and the networking devices, and the incurred overhead is far less, maybe 1%.

Also, with the increase in heterogeneity of the datacenters, the deployments for IaaS should be expected to expose varied components. For us to extend to the heterogeneous IaaS deployment from the homogeneous cloud flexibility, we have to perform a further research on the following fileds:

– The schemes which can be employed for sharing in accelerators.
– Optimal tradeoffs associated with virtualization functionality and performance.
– Optimization techniques for power and utilization.
– Scheduling techniques for determination of job assignments for the resources to be allocated more efficiently.
– Schemes for cost and prioritization.
– Mechanisms for migration of jobs with state in the accelerators and the host in accelerators.

Heterogeneous computing should involve finding ways to exploit the available new interconnect technologies such as the parallel file systems, software-defined networking in relation to the heterogeneous compute elements.

For the case of platform as a service, the heterogeneity has to be exposed to the framework, or exposed to programmer, or hidden by backends targeting heterogeneity, or hidden by the libraries. Future research should be focused on the following:

– Software architecture regarding accelerated libraries.
– Scheduling mechanisms aware of heterogeneity at the level of the platform.
– Application programming frameworks with the capability of exposing or not exposing the heterogeneity to the programmer.
– Allocating resources amongst multiple frameworks or platforms in an heterogeneous manner, or for the frameworks which share the same datacenter.

The catapult framework for Microsoft is an example of a research which is targeting to improve on the heterogeneous hardware. The software was created for the purpose of improving how the performance of Binge Search Engine. It will provide us with a valuable use case on how to exploit the heterogeneous hardware for applications in commercial datacenters.

The Need for Standards in Cloud Computing Security

For enterprises to view cloud computing as the best choice for storage of their data, standards are of great essence. Most IT enterprises are working hard to ensure that they get a cloud which will help them cut on their expenses while achieving their business needs.

Today, most organisations allow only a percentage of their daily operations to be supported by the cloud. Although IT experts expect that the adoption of the cloud should accelerate in the near future, many enterprises are still wondering whether the cloud is the best solution for storing their data. The main source of fear is security. The enterprises are not sure of whether their data will be secure in the cloud.

They are also in need of creating an on-demand service while keeping compliance and industry compliance. The enterprises shy away from storing g their data in the cloud for fear that they are not protected. The cloud is porous in nature, and this makes it an attractive target by attackers and securing it has become more complex as the porno site.

Currently, there is no definition on what an effective cloud security is. There exist no standards defining what an effective cloud security might, and what is expected from both the providers and the users to ensure that the cloud data has been well secured. Instead of having these, the enterprises and providers are left to rely on data center standards, list of auditing specifications, industry mandates and regulatory requirements for provision of guidance on how the cloud environments should be protected.

Although this approach can make cloud computing to be somehow complex, it is a good approach to ensure that the cloud data is well secured. There is a need for both the enterprises and the cloud providers to ensure that they focus on the core elements of well secured cloud such as identity and access management, virtualisation security, content security, threat management and data privacy.

It is also good for the industry to consider the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) specifications regarding the cloud security, so as to form a good foundation for protection of the data and services which are running in the cloud. Although most of the principles here were meant for the government organisations, they are very relevant and applicable in the private sector.

The guidelines provided by NIST are good for addressing serious issues regarding cloud security such as identity and access management, architecture, trust, data protection, software isolation, incidence response, availability and compliance. The body also states the factors which organisations have to consider in relation to public cloud outsourcing. The CSA (Cloud Security Alliance) is a good source of knowledge for rules regarding how to secure data running in on-demand environment. Here, you will know more about the best practices for securing such data. With CSA, all the necessary guidelines which can help you know whether your cloud provider is doing what they can to secure your data are provided.

Working through such organisations is good as they will help both the customers and the provide in laying of a good groundwork for the purpose of creating a secure cloud environment. Security principles should be applied as much as possible when we are securing our cloud environments. With good standards for cloud computing, the enterprises will be much guaranteed that their data is safe in the cloud. This will improve their trust for the cloud provider, and they will make cloud computing the best solution to their IT needs. The current customers will be much assured of the security of their data.

Cloud computing security: things you must know

One of the best game-changing revolutions of this particular era is Cloud Computing. The shift far from original on-premises applications and also data storage is undoubtedly well underway, with customers, small and middle sized companies, and big businesses putting data and applications into the cloud. The current issue is will it be secure to do this? Cloud Computing protection is undoubtedly the greatest concern amongst all those who are thinking about the technology. And when you are an IT manager, then it is great to be paranoid. Massive Losses from attack and cyber crime can be tremendous, and also the 2008 CSI Computer Security and Crime Survey demonstrate a standard average yearly damage of just below $300,000.

It might appear like the leap of trust to place your precious applications and data in the cloud, and even to believe in Cloud Computing security and safety to a 3rd party. However, belief is not a part of the situation, and neither ought it to be. Each and every business requirements to realize that its applications and data are safe and secure and the issue of the cloud computing protection should be tackled. The cloud comes with several security benefits.

Based on NIST, this particular cloud computing security benefits consist of:

-Moving public data to an external cloud decreases the publicity of delicate inner data
-Cloud homogeneity tends to make security testing/auditing easier
-Clouds allow automatic security management
-Disaster/Redundancy Recovery

All factors are effectively used. Cloud companies normally have a tendency to consist of rigorous cloud computing security as a part of their particular company models, frequently a lot more than an individual user might perform. To that end, it is not only an issue of the cloud computing companies implementing greater security measure, but the thing is, instead, that they deploy the safety precautions which individual companies ought to, however frequently do not.

The majority of application providers enforce a few standard of security for their applications, even though whenever cloud application providers apply their amazing strategies to Cloud Computing protection. Issues happen across international privacy laws and regulations, exposure of data to international choices, stovepipe solutions to authentication and role- dependent accessibility, and even leaks in the multi-tenant architectures.

Exceptional physical security from the Cloud Computing companies:
Deficiency of physical security is the trigger of a huge quantity of damage, and also insider attacks are the reason for the remarkably big percentage of damage. Even though the specter of the black hats cracking into your network from an underdeveloped country is certainly much real, it’s not uncommon that, the “black hat” is, in fact, a dependable employee. It is the person from accounting department with whom you have lunch. It is the woman who else gives you coffee early in the morning and remembers that you prefer two sugars. It is the latest college grad with a lot possible, who else does this type of great work on that final report.

Outstanding security from the cloud:
Apart from physical security measure, technical security is of the highest value. Hosting your individual applications and servers needs additional steps. A bigger business may need to employ dedicated IT employees for protection exclusively. Cloud computing, on the Furthermore, forms cloud computing protection straight into the cloud platform. While the business nevertheless should maintain private security in any situation, the provider makes sure that the data and applications are secure from attack. You no need to be worried about your data protection if you have cloud-based technology. Your data and applications will be risk-free.

Top 10 Advantages of Cloud Technology

In this IT world, cloud computing is evolving rapidly from an upcoming solution into a practical alternate choice for several small to medium type of companies. For any developing company, one of the hardest things to perform is to maintain capital expenses in check. Cloud computing is a way to get into business – grade IT that might or else be excessively expensive to buy and maintain.

Here listed below is a short list of top 10 advantages of cloud computing:

1. Cost benefits:
In the existing economic, companies require low priced and high production. A cloud solution is an action in that path. It decreases costs without having sacrificing productivity. Aided by the cloud; generally, there will be no upfront investments in software or hardware.

2. Entry to your Data – Anywhere, Anytime and even with Any Device:
The users of Cloud solutions can access into their particular applications and data anywhere, anytime and from any device in the cloud computing technology. Just because data is utilized over the Internet on the servers of your cloud provider and management has 24/7 accessibility whenever and wherever they require.

3. Scalability:
Scalability is the leading cause for that business to run their company quickly. Several periodic business processes undergo intervals of dangerous activity; however this activity slows down substantially whenever the busy season is expired. Cloud- dependent solutions may increase as a small business the resources.

4. Protection:
The particular cloud technology is safe through cyber-terrorist, bugs, and accidents. It may very easily pay for all sorts of protective steps such as patch management, filtering and also cryptography techniques. Cloud technology safeguards your data and even keeps you like a long-term client.

5. Leveling of the playing field:
Cloud computing has a significant role for leveling the particular playing field between small and large businesses having a “spend on what you use only” model. Medium to small sized businesses no more needs to pay out a lot of money to be able to purchase IT infrastructure that can be compared to major companies. Right now they may only rent what they require in the cloud.

6. Management control:
The particular cloud dependent technology assists in allowing managers for superior monitoring in their business with their employees. The managers may gain access to data exactly what their employees are working on and may examine the job much faster with increased effectively.

7. Greater Innovation, Efficiency, and Functionality
With the cloud computing technology, you require waiting around for many years for your next update. You can begin operating new applications in a few days or perhaps hours.

8. Disaster Recovery and even Backup:
With the assistance of cloud technology, you can keep your company’s data securely on a secure data center instead of the server room. While reducing the power as a result of earthquakes, hurricanes or even a construction employee cutting down the power lines, you are back once again at the work as long as you own an internet connection.

9. Ease of use:
Getting rid of the need to purchase and configure new software and hardware enables your workers, and also, your IT department, to pay attention to the projects that will positively straight boost your earnings and develop your business.

10. Flexibility:
Cloud computing technology assists your company to select just exactly what your business requires, whenever you need it. You may pick a CRM tool, choose the Internet as the platform, and buy email marketing software, financial services software or even a host of other available choices for your business.

Best 6 Cloud Computing Security Matters

Do people understand what cloud computing is? Cloud computing is actually a particular system which saves money while still providing you the power over controlling the needs of the company. You can gain access to these essential services as required over the internet when building through one to some other, when also having a safe solution for your company needs. As the cloud computing technology develops, and much more companies consider shifting their businesses in to cloud, one of the best issues which are brought up frequently is security measure. Will be the cloud truly safe?

The truth is that keeping your data in your cloud is much like, or maybe more, safe compared to maintaining your data in conventional infrastructure. Such as conventional infrastructure, still like a good consumer in inclusion to an expert you require to get into account for an extended list of security check factors. These check factors stand for possible cracks in your personal cloud infrastructure protection, and you will simply want to shore up these to maintain your data as secure as this can be.

1. Your employees:
Regrettably, the top risks to each conventional protection and cloud hosting can be the types right below your nose. Seek the services of employees who are reliable and rely on your instincts. You shouldn’t be hesitant to assess your staff for correct utilization of the internet sources. Make pro-security plans, teach your employees on these ideas, and implement them.

2. Passwords:
Your own staff should safeguard their security passwords. Gather your amazing IT system ensuring that regular password changes are frequent and inspire solid and complex passwords. Particularly weak passwords offer uncomplicated access for people that want to grab your private information and facts.

3. Firewalls:
Set up solid hardware and software firewalls to maintain your data safe and out of the hands of individuals that do not have business with this. This may need preventing well-known websites from staff use. You shouldn’t be hesitant to get this done. Browsing the Web must not be a choice throughout the time.

4. Data Back-up:
Cloud hosting allows all of your data files to get backed up. In case, you want to keep a few data from the cloud, still it is heading to be essential that you maintain the firmly secured system for the back-up. Off-site backup is generally the most safe choice in this particular scenario.

5. Software Patches:
Regardless of which operating system you are operating, each and every software program utilized in your company really need to be maintained updated directly by installing patches as they are launched from your software supplier.

6. Access Management:
Cloud hosting is usually a fantastic method of keeping data; however it is ineffective in case proper care is not utilized to safeguard control access and outlets. Mobile phones permit this to be easy to work through virtually any place, an excellent they are kept unprotected, they offer for uncomplicated accessibility to anyone who else pertains to take them.

Bottom Line:
You might want to evaluate Wikipedia’s section on the cloud computing security. They have a useful resources and information for your knowledge. Cloud processing protection had been outlined as on the list of best Seven Cloud Processing Should Haves by the Cloud Provider USA.

The cloud undoubtedly will be the potential future. Security is one of the greatest cloud computing service should haves. Security dangers happen whether or not your data is saved on the cloud or even on the server throughout your back space. Correctly teaching staff and very carefully selecting and also require entry to your data together with the cloud ought to go some distance to maintaining cloud computing safe and an excellent choice for your business.